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Map of Nicaragua and Important Cities

  • Granda
  • San Juan del Sur
  • Managua, this is also the capital
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Nicaragua: Where it is located

  • It is a small country that is located in Central America.

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  • Nearly 6 million people
  • Life expectancy is 71.5 years


  • Highest point is Mogoton at 6,913 feet, a mountain on the border between Nicaragua and Honduras.
  • Nicaragua has 19 active volcanoes, due to it being on the boundary between the Cocos Plate and the Caribbean Plate.
  • Lake Nicargua is the biggest lake in Central America, and the 19th largest lake in the world. Though it is a freshwater lake, it has a small population of sharks.

  • Freedom of religion is protected under Nicaragua's government.
  • 90% of Nicaragua's population are members of Christian denominations.
  • 73% are Roman Catholic.

Political System
  • Nicaragua is a presidential representative democratic republic.
  • The president is the head of state and the head of government.
  • Government officials are elected by the people.

  • The main language spoken in the country is Spanish, which roughly 90% of the people speak.
  • Most people on the east coast speak English
  • There is also a reasonably large Chinese population who speak Chinese.

History of Immigrants
  • The native groups are the Niquirano, the Chorotegano, and the Chontal tribes.
  • The Spanish arrived in 1508, and the first settlement was established in 1524.
  • Nicaragua became independent in 1838.

Current Events

On Saturday September 6 a meteorite crashed near Managua. The meteorite left a large crater (39 ft across) and made a loud explosion. The meteorite is thought to be a fragment off an asteroid that passed earth safely on Sunday. No injuries or damages were reported.
Costa Rica's chancellor, Manuel Gonzáles, is worried about Nicaragua's acquisition of military weaponry form Russia. He says while it is their choice of what to buy and sell what they want acquiring a purchase like this gets your neighbors attention. He claims the risk involved is high because Costa Rica northeast corner was invaded in 2010.
Slang Words/ Sayings
  • ¿Idiay, vos? - means "What happened?" or "how are you?"
  • Dale pues - fancy way of saying yes
  • Maje- It means guy, girl, or person in an informal way.
  • Marimba de chavalos - used to refer to a large family
  • "Ser pero que un pujo de vendabal" - "You are worst than a rainfall" - you are annoying.
  • "Andar a pincel" - "walking by paint-brush" - to walk by foot
  • "Ser un conejo" - "to be a rabbit" - to be a fast runner, restless

Highlights on Music or the Culture

The marimba is Nicaragua’s national instrument. It is like a xylophone and made of wood or metal keys or of different length tubes. The music has a Caribbean feel with intense, sensual, and frenzied rhythms. The best place to hear the music is during Palo de Mayo in Bluefield. The country also enjoys theater with stage plays that take the audience back in time. Most of the plays are performed on town holidays though. The most important plays are the “Nicaraguan Native”, “El Gigante” (the giant), and the “El Gueguense” (the wise men). They also enjoy to dance. The best know dances are the Gigante, Bailes de Negra, Toro Huaco, Bailes de Húngaras, Guegüense, Bailes del Mestizaje, Toro Venado, El viejo y la vieja, El Tinco , El Atabal, Chinegro, Promesantes, Palo de Mayo, and Los Zompopos.